Adult Childhood Obesity

Adult Childhood Obesity

Adult Childhood Obesity

Obesity is a medical condition where persons have too much body fat that is difficult to control through dieting and can be contributed to by both genetic and environmental factors.

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Description

Introduction

What Is Obesity?

Obesity is a medical condition where persons have too much body fat that is difficult to control through dieting and can be contributed to by both genetic and environmental factors.

Obesity is identified when one has a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater.

The American Medical Association classified it as a disease in 2013.

How Obesity Is Measured In Adults

For the most part, clinicians use the Body Mass Index (BMI) measurement to ascertain weight problems and obesity (see image below).

The Body Mass Index (BMI)

According to the CDC, the Body Mass Index (BMI) is a number that is calculated using a person’s weight and height.

It provides a reliable indicator of body fat for most people and is used as a screening tool to categorize weight scales that may lead to health problems.

The BMI measurement applies to both men and women.

How Obesity Is Measured In Children

The Center for Disease Control offers growth charts for medical professionals that are used to determine BMI corresponding to age and sex percentiles in kids age 2 to 19.

In kids, overweight is defined as a BMI at or above the 85th percentile, but, below, the 95th percentile for kids of the same age and sex.
Obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile.

Table of Contents

What Is Obesity ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1
How Obesity Is Measured In Adults ……………………………………………………………………………….. 1
How Obesity Is Measured In Children ……………………………………………………………………………. 1
BMI Chart For Adults ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2
The Statistics ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3
Adult Numbers ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3
Child Numbers…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4
By State ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5
By Country ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5
Health Consequences of Obesity ………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
Adults ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6
Heart Disease ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7
High Blood Pressure …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7
Diabetes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7
Metabolic Syndrome ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
Osteoarthritis ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8
Gallbladder Disease …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
Cancer ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
Sleep Apnea ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
Gender Specific Risks ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9
Others Ailments And Side Effects ………………………………………………………………………………. 9
Shortened Life Expectancy ………………………………………………………………………………………… 9
Emotional Effects …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9
Children ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 10
Immediate Effects ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Long Term Effects ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Emotional and Psychological Implications ………………………………………………………………………… 12
The Social Stigma ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12
Being Labeled ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13
The Emotional Consequences ……………………………………………………………………………………… 13
Children: Teasing And Bullying ……………………………………………………………………………………. 15
What’s the Solution?………………………………………………………………………………………………. 16
Emotional Overeating ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 18
Understanding The Problem ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 18
Cause And Reaction …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19
Factors of Emotional Eating ………………………………………………………………………………………… 20
Effects………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 20
10 Ways To Overcome Emotional Overeating ……………………………………………………………….. 21

Weight Loss Options For Obese Adults…………………………………………………………………………….. 23
Lifestyle Changing Weight Loss Options ……………………………………………………………………….. 25
Behavior Modification ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 25
Registered Dietician/Nutritionist ……………………………………………………………………………… 25

Consulting A Doctor ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 26
Weight Watchers …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26
The Atkins Diet ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 27
Medifast ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
Jillian Michaels Fitness and Weight Loss Program ……………………………………………………… 30

NHS Weight Loss Plan …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 31

Overeaters Anonymous 12 Step Program …………………………………………………………………. 31

Bariatric Surgery Options To Treat Morbid Obesity ……………………………………………………….. 32
Types Of Surgery ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
Exercise Options For The Obese ……………………………………………………………………………………… 34
Personal Trainer ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35
Walking ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 35
Swimming/Water Aerobics …………………………………………………………………………………………. 36
Portable Peddler ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36
Yoga/Pilates ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
Exercise Bikes ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
Elliptical Trainers ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 38
Recumbent Elliptical Machine …………………………………………………………………………………….. 38
Workouts From The Couch …………………………………………………………………………………………. 38
Obesity In Children ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
Top Causes/Risk Factors of Childhood Obesity ……………………………………………………………… 40
Poor Diet ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 40
Lack Of Physical Activity ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
Improper Environment …………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
Social-Economic Factors ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 43
Other Causes …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 43
What Parents Can Do To Prevent Obesity ………………………………………………………………………… 45
Knowledge Is Key ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 46
Teach By Example ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 46
Provide A Healthy Diet From The Start …………………………………………………………………………. 47
The Food Groups ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 47
Sugar Fat and Salt ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48
The Not So Happy “Happy Meal”……………………………………………………………………………… 48
Healthy Cooking …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 49
Provide Healthy Snacks …………………………………………………………………………………………… 50
Limit Sugary Foods …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 52
Healthier Baked Goods …………………………………………………………………………………………… 52
Encourage Exercise ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 53
Tips To Get Kids Active ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 54
Exercise For Kids ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 54
Helping An Obese Child………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56
Effects Of Obesity On Children ……………………………………………………………………………………. 56
Into Adulthood ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56
Dealing With Obese and Overweight Kids …………………………………………………………………….. 57
8 Steps To Making Changes …………………………………………………………………………………….. 58